C O N T R A P R O P A G A N D Ă

monopolul american media

Am gasit acest articol si vi-l atasez la acest post ca sa vedeti despre ce e vorba si sa decideti singuri daca ceva de aici e adevarat !

Uitati-va in jur, ganditi-va la ce ni se intampla si hotarati daca vreti sa traiti in continuare cu multe dintre aceste suferinte si minciuni pe care le observam zilnic sau vreti sa luati atitudine, sa nu le mai permiteti sa va prosteasca , sa va controleze viata si mai ales luati in calcul ce viitor ne asteapta pe noi si pe copii nostri.

MONOPOLUL MEDIA AMERICAN, PE INTELESUL TUTUROR
– apartenenta corporatista si problemele din mass-media americana –

Informatii furnizate de FreePress.net
[http://www.freepress.net/ownership/] si Who Owns What?
[http://www.cjr.org/tools/owners/], analiza realizata de Columbia
Journalism Review.

FP este o organizatie americana non-profit, ce urmareste implicarea publicului in stabilirea politicilor media, cu scopul creerii unui sistem media democratic. CJR este publicatia Graduate School of Journalism http://www.jrn.columbia.edu/] din cadrul Columbia University.

DE CE NE PASA DE MEDIA?

Pentru ca joaca un rol urias in viata noastra. Petrecem ore fara numar expusi la televiziune, radio, carti, ziare, reviste ori internet. Aceste mijloace media (in)formeaza ideile sau opiniile noastre, valorile sau credintele noastre. Ele reflecta si influenteaza cultura noastra prin arta si amuzament.

Mass-media sunt institutii speciale in societatea noastra; ele joaca un rol vital in intelegerea de catre cetateni a problemelor sociale si politice si functioneaza ca “filtre” prin care chestiuni, oameni si evenimente trebuie sa treaca. Ele influenteaza perceptia cetatenilor si factorilor de decizie, afectand politici ce ne privesc pe toti.

Mass-media nu sunt o afacere oarecare: informatia este vitala pentru democratie – si atunci cand punctele de vedere sunt ciuntite si ideile nu pot gasi un debuseu, democratia sufera.

CE NU ESTE IN REGULA CU MASS-MEDIA?

[nota red. AM: materialul de fata se refera strict la situatia din SUA. In Romania, scara la care se petrec evenimentele este infinit mai mica si de aceea studiul poate parea lipsit de relevanta. Insa am considerat util sa il popularizam pentru a sublinia atentia deosebita de care se bucura situatia mijloacelor de informare in masa in alte tari in randul opiniei publice. Intregul site FreePress.net, sau altele precum OpenAirWaves.org, editat de Center for Public Integrity, reflecta pe deplin starea de fapt. Si exemplele pot continua!]

Oameni de toate conditiile si de toate opiniile politice sunt
preocupati de starea in care se afla mass-media. Multi cetateni se plang ca mijloacele de informare axate pe actualitate au virat inspre ‘infotainment’ [termen semnificand productii media ce combina informarea cu divertismentul, nota AM] si ca interesele si standardele locale nu sunt reprezentate adecvat de media locale. Alte nemultumiri se leaga de subreprezentarea unor segmente intregi de populatie, iar altele, de “inasprirea” continutului transmisiunilor.

Indiferent insa de nemultumiri, un lucru este sigur: acestea sunt determinate de probleme structurale adanci. Sa ataci un singur simptom – precum indecenta unor transmisiuni – nu vindeca boala. Trebuie privit mai adanc, spre radacina raului.

CINE DETINE MEDIA?

Astazi, o mana de corporatii internationale controleaza aproape tot ce poti vedea, auzi, citi. Si nu este un accident. O politica guvernamentala corupta, constienta, a determinat in spatele usilor inchise relaxarea legilor privind proprietatea media [este vorba de legile anti-trust din SUA, n. AM] si a eliminat practic responsabilitatea fata de interesul public. Daca ii lasi, vor face un cartel…

Cat de mari sunt aceste carteluri, puteti vedea in lista de mai jos.

*General Electric
http://www.ge.com/

Venituri in 2003: 134,2 miliarde $. Grupul include: NBC, Telemundo, Universal Pictures, Universal Parks & Resorts, CNBC, Bravo, MSNBC, si mari holding-uri in numeroase alte sectoare de afaceri. GE a
achizitionat recent multe din cele mai importante proprietati media detinute anterior de Vivendi: NBC, Paxson Communications (PAX), Telemundo Communications Group.

Posturi TV: Paisprezece posturi NBC – WVTM (Birmingham, AL), KXAS (Dallas, TX), WMAQ (Chicago, IL), WCMH (Columbus, OH), WVIT
(Hartford, CT), KNBC (Los Angeles, CA), WTVJ (Miami, FL), WNBC (New York, NY), WCAU (Philadelphia, PA), WJAR (Providence, RI), WNCN (Raleigh, NC), KNSD (San Diego, CA), WRC (Washington, DC), KNTV (San Jose, CA) – ca si 14 posturi locale Telemundo

Canale prin cablu: Telemundo, Bravo, CNBC, MSNBC (proprietar impreuna cu Microsoft), mun2, Sci-Fi Channel, TRIO, USA Network, CNBC Europe, CNBC Asia-Pacific, Telemundo Internacional, NBC Europe, plus alte 8 canale in Europa si America Latina sub marcile Sci-Fi, 13th Street,
Studio Universal si USA brands

Productie & distributie TV: NBC Universal Television Studio, NBC Universal Television Distribution (proprietari ai peste 4.000 de
filme si peste 40.000 episoade de transmisiuni TV), Universal Studios Home Video

Case de Film: Universal Pictures, Imagine Entertainment, Tribeca Films, Shady Acres, The Kennedy/Marshall Company, Double Feature
Films, Playtone Company, Strike Entertainment, Type A Films, Depth of Field, Stephen Sommers, Working Title Films (Europa), Focus Features Universal

Facilitati si resurse: Universal Studios Hollywood, Universal
CityWalk, Universal Orlando (Universal Studios Florida, Islands of Adventure, complexul de distractii CityWalk, Portofino Bay Hotel, Hard Rock Hotel si Royal Pacific Resort), Wet-n-Wild Orlando, Universal Studios Japan + CityWalk, Universal Mediterranea (Spania, incluzand Universal Mediterranea Theme Park si Hotel Port Aventura)

Productie militara: Fabrici de motoare pentru aeronave F-16 Fighter si A-10, tancuri Abrams, elicoptere Apache, bombardiere U2, Unmanned
Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV), numeroase echipamente incluzand avioane, elicoptere, tancuri etc.

Finantare pentru clienti mici: Furnizor de credite de consum,
retaileri si autodealeri in peste 35 de tari

Finantare Comerciala: GE Capital Aviation Services, GE Commercial Equipment Financing, GE Corporate Financial Services, GE Structured Finance Global Energy Unit, GE Fleet Services, GE Healthcare
Financial Services, GE Real Estate, GE Vendor Financial Services

Tehnologii avansate: ingineria materialelor termoplastice, produse bazate pe silicon, cuart si materiale ceramice

Produse industriale: electrocasnice, sisteme de iluminare si sisteme industriale

Energetica: Tehnologii pentru petrol si gaze, generatoare de energie; management industrial pentru energetica, inclusiv cea nucleara

Sanatate: Diagnoza si imagerie medicala, tehnologie si servicii

Infrastructura: GE Water Technologies, GE Silicones, GE
Superabrasives si GE Quartz deservesc diferite industrii, inclusiv cosmetica, a semi-conductorilor, extractie de petrol, constructii si telecomunicatii

Asigurari: Asigurari pentru afaceri si persoane

Transport: Motoare pentru aeronave civile si militare de transport, locomotive de marfa si pasageri, sisteme motorizate pentru sonde,
turbine cu gaz pentru aplicatii industriale

*Time Warner
http://www.timewarner.com/

Venituri in 2003: 39,6 miliarde $. Grupul include: Warner Bros, AOL, CNN, HBO, Time Warner Cable, Turner (TNT, TBS), Cartoon Network, New Line Cinema, Castle Rock Entertainment, Atlantic Recordings,
Elektra/Sire, Rhino, Time-Life Books, DC Comics, Fortune, Sports Illustrated, People, Netscape Communications.

Retea TV: WB

Canale prin cablu: HBO, CNN (inclusiv variantele, Headlines News, Airport Network, fn, International, Airport), TBS, Turner South, TNT,
Cartoon Network, Turner Classic Movies, CourtTV (partial)
Retea de cablu: servicii prin cablu

Productie/Distributie TV: Warner Bros, Warner Bros Studios, WB Television (productie), WB TV Animation, Hanna-Barbera Cartoons,
Telepictures Productions, Witt-Thomas Productions, Castle Rock Entertainment, Warner Home Video, WB Pay-TV, WB domestic & int’l TV
distribution, New Line Cinema, Fine Line Features, Turner Original Productions

Cinematografe: Warner Bros. International Theaters (cinematografe multiplex in peste 12 tari)

Altele: New York 1 News, holding-uri internationale

Grupul Warner Music: Atlantic (include Classics, Jazz, Nashville si Theatre labels), Big Beat, Blackground, Breaking, Igloo, Lava,
Mesa/Bluemoon, Modern, 1 43, Rhino Records, Elektra Entertainment Group, Elektra, EastWest, Asylum, Elektra/Sire, Warner Brothers Records, Warner Brothers, Warner Nashville, Warner Alliance, Warner Resound, Warner Sunset, Reprise, Reprise Nashville, American Recordings, Giant, Maverick, Revolution, Qwest, Warner Music International, WEA Telegram, East West ZTT, Coalition, CGD East West, China, Continential, DRO East West, Erato, Fazer, Finlandia,
Magneoton, MCM, Nonesuch, Teldec

Alte facilitati in industria inregistrarilor muzicale:
Warner/Chappell Music (editura), WEA Inc. (vanzari, distributie si manufactura), Ivy Hill Corporation (tiparire si ambalare), Warner Special Products

Carti “Time-Life”: Time-Life Int’l, Time-Life Education, Time-Life Music, Time-Life Audiobooks, Book-of-the-Month Club, Paperback Book Club, Children’s Book-of-the-Month Club, History Book Club, Money
Book Club, HomeStyle Books, Crafter’s Choice, One Spirit, International, Little, Brown and Company, Bulfinch Press, Back Bay Books, Little, Brown and Company (Marea Britanie), Warner Books, Warner Vision, The Mysterious Press, Warner Aspect, Warner Treasures, Oxmoor House (subsidiar al Southern Progress Corporation), Leisure Arts, Sunset Books, TW Kids, Leisure Arts

Reviste: Time (inclusiv Time for Kids, versiuni internationale etc.), Fortune, Business 2.0, Life, Sports Illustrated (si variante), Inside
Stuff, Money, Your Company, Your Future, People, (si variante), Who Weekly, Entertainment Weekly, The Ticket, InStyle, Southern Living, Progressive Farmer, Southern Accents, Cooking Light, The Parent Group (Parenting, Baby Talk, Baby on the Way), This Old House, Sunset, Sunset Garden Guide, The Health Publishing Group (Health, Hippocrates, Coastal Living, Weight Watchers), Real Simple, Asiaweek (Japan), President (Japan), Dancyu (Japan), Wallpaper (UK), Field & Stream, Freeze, Golf Magazine, Outdoor Life, Popular Science, Saltwater Sportsman, Ski, Skiing Magazine, Skiing Trade News, SNAP,
Snowboard Life, Ride BMX, Today’s Homeowner, Transworld Skateboarding& Snowboarding, Verge, Yachting Magazine, Warp, partial proprietar al American Express Publishing (Travel & Liesure, Food & Wine, Departures, SkyGuide), Mad Magazine

Altele: Netscape Communications, Netscape Netcenter portal, Winamp, CompuServe Interactive, ICQ, theknot.com (8%), MapQuest.com, Spinner.com, iAmaze, Amazon.com (partial), Quack.com, Streetmail (partial), Switchboard (6%), DrKoop.com, Legend (Chinese, 49%),
Africana.com Services: Road Runner, Warner Publisher Services, Time Distribution Services, American Family Publishers (50%), Pathfinder
Vanzari cu amanuntul: Warner Bros. Stores & Products

Parcuri tematice: Warner Brothers Recreation Enterprises

Facilitati pentru sport: Atlanta Braves, Hawks, Thrashers, Goodwill Games, Turner Sports, Philips Arena

Diverse: Turner Learning, CNN Newsroom, Turner Adventure Learning, Turner Home Satellite, Turner Network Sales

*Vivendi Universal
http://www.vivendi.com

Venituri in 2003: 25,5 miliarde euro. Grupul include: CANAL+, Cineplex Odeon Theatres (42%), MCA Records, PolyGram Records, Vivendi Telecom, si 26,8 millioane actiuni la TimeWarner. Vivendi Universal a
vandut recent reteaua de cablu si studiourile de film (Universal Pictures, Sci-Fi Channel, USA Network) catre GE/NBC.

Productie si distributie TV: CANAL+ (51%, furnizor european in sistem “pay-TV”), Brillstein-Grey Entertainment (50%, productie), Multimedia Entertainment; plus proprietate partiala asupra: HBO Asia Telecine (Brazilia) Cinecanal (America Latina), Showtime (Australia) Star Channel (Japonia), Telepiu (“pay-TV” italian)

Productie si distributie de film: October Films (pachet majoritar), United International Pictures (33% – distrbutie internationala), Cinema International BV (49% – distributie video)

Cinema: Cineplex Odeon (42%), Cinema International Corporation (49%), United Cinemas International (49%)

Universal Music Group: MCA Records, MCA Records Nashville, Polygram, Motown, Decca Records, Deutsche Grammophon, GRP Recording Company, Geffen/DGC Records, Universal Records, Rising Tide, Interscope Records, Hip-O Records, Universal Music and Video Distribution,
Universal Music International, MCA Music Publishing, Interscope Music Publishing, All Nations Catalog, Universal Concerts

Productie IT: Universal Studios New Media Group, Universal Studios Online, Vivendi Universal Games (software si jocuri video), Universal Digital Arts, Interplay (pachet majoritar – producator de jocuri video), Vizzavi (portal european multi-acces)

Pagini web: Education.com, Flipside.com, GetMusic (distribuitor de muzica online), @viso (50% cu Softbank), Allocin, Bonjour.fr, Ad2- One, Atmedica, Scoot, EMusic.com, Duet (cu Sony), MP3.com Telecom:
Vivendi Telecom International, Cegetel (lider pe piata land-line in Franta), SFR (lider in servicii de telefonie mobila in Franta), Maroc Telecom (35%, cel mai important furnizor de servicii land-line si telefonie mobila din Morocco)

Vanzari cu amanuntul: Spencer Gifts

Diverse: Vivendi Environnement (distribuitorul de apa nr. 1 in lume), Viventures, Duet (servicii de abonamente muzicale cu Yahoo! si Sony)

*Walt Disney
http://www.disney.com/corporate

Venituri in 2003: 28,4 miliarde $. Grupul include: ABC, Disney
Channel, ESPN, A&E, History Channel, E!, Buena Vista, Touchstone Pictures, 10 posturi TV, peste 60 posturi radio, ESPN Radio, Miramax Films, Hyperion Books, parcuri tematice.
Retele TV: ABC

Canale prin cablu: ABC Family, The Disney Channel, Toon Disney, SoapNet, ESPN Inc. (80%, include ESPN & ESPN2, ESPN News, ESPN Now, ESPN Extreme, Classic Sports Network, ESPNHD), A&E Television (37.5%, impreuna cu Hearst si GE), The History Channel (impreuna cu Hearst and GE), Lifetime Television (50%, impreuna cu Hearst), Lifetime
Movie Network (50% impreuna cu Hearst), E! Entertainment (impreuna cu Comcast si Liberty Media)

Posturi TV locale: 10, inclusiv KABC (Los Angeles), WABC (New York City), WLS (Chicago), WJRT (Flint), KFSN (Fresno), KTRK (Houston),
WPVI (Philadelphia), WTVD (Raleigh-Durham), KGO (San Francisco), WTVG (Toledo) Radio Disney, ESPN Radio

Transmisii TV Internationale: The Disney Channel UK, The Disney Channel Taiwan, The Disney Channel Australia, The Disney Channel
Malaysia, The Disney Channel France, The Disney Channel Middle East, The Disney Channel Italy, The Disney Channel Spain, ESPN INC. International Ventures, Sportsvision of Australia (25%), ESPN Brazil (50%), ESPN STAR (50%) – transmisiuni sportive pe cuprinsul Asiei, Net STAR (33%) proprietari ai The Sports Network of Canada

Peste 60 posturi radio locale: WKHX (Atlanta), WYAY (Atlanta), WDWD (Atlanta), WMVP (Chicago), WLS (Chicago), WZZN (Chicago), WRDZ (Chicago), WBAP (Dallas), KSCS (Dallas), KMEO (Dallas), KESN
(Dallas), KMKI (Dallas), WDRQ (Detroit), WJR (Detroit), WDVD (Detroit), KABC (Los Angeles), KLOS (Los Angeles), KDIS (Los Angeles), KSPN (Los Angeles), KQRS (Minneapolis – St. Paul), KXXR (Minneapolis – St. Paul), KDIZ (Minneapolis – St. Paul), WGVX (Minneapolis – St. Paul), WGVY (Minneapolis – St. Paul), WGVZ (Minneapolis – St. Paul), WABC (New York City), WPLJ (New York City),
WQEW (New York City), WEVD (New York City), KGO (San Francisco), KSFO (San Francisco), KIID (Sacramento), KMKY (Oakland), WMAL (Washington DC), WJZW (Washington DC), WRQX (Washington DC), KQAM (Wichita), KKDZ (Seattle), WSDZ (St. Louis), WWMK (Cleveland), KMIX (Phoenix), KADZ (Denver), KDDZ (Denver), WWMI (Tampa), KMIC (Houston), WMYM (Miami), WWJZ (Philadelphia), WMKI (Boston), WDZK (Hartford), WDDZ (Providence), WDZY (Richmond), WGFY (Charlotte), WDYZ (Orland), WMNE (West Palm Beach), WEAE (Pittsburgh), WDRD (Louisville), WPPY (Albany), NY), KPHN (Kansas City), WQUA (Mobile), WBML (Jacksonville), WFDF (Flint), WFRO (Fremont), OH), WDMV (Damascus), MD), WHKT (Norfolk)

Productie si Distributie TV: Buena Vista Television, Touchstone Television, Walt Disney Television, Walt Disney Television Animation

Productie si Distributie de film: Walt Disney Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures, Caravan Pictures, Miramax Films, Buena Vista Home Video, Buena Vista Home Entertainment, Buena Vista
International

Productie/Dezvoltare IT: Disney Interactive, ABC Internet Group, ESPN Internet Group

Pagini web: ABC.com, ABCNews.com, Oscar.com, Disney.com, Family.com, ESPN.com, Soccernet.co (60%), NFL.com, NBA.com, NASCAR.com, Toysmart.com (partial), Go Network

Altele: Mr. Showbiz, Disney’s Daily Blast, Skillgames, Wall of Sound

Muzica: Buena Vista Music Group, Hollywood Records (muzica de succes si coloane sonore de film), Lyric Street Records (casa de discuri din Nashville, specializata in albume country), Mammoth Records (casa de discuri axata pe muzica de succes si alternativa), Walt Disney Records

Edituri: Walt Disney Company Book Publishing, Hyperion Books, Miramax Books

Grupuri editare publicatii: ABC Publishing Group, Disney Publishing, Inc., Diversified Publications Group, Financial Services and Medical
Group, Miller Publishing Company

Reviste: Automotive Industries, Biography (impreuna cu GE si Hearst), Discover, Disney Adventures, Disney Magazine, ECN News, ESPN Magazine (distribuita de Hearst), Family Fun, Institutional Investor, JCK,
Kentucky Prairie Farmer, Kodin, Top Famille (French), US Weekly (50%), Video Business, Quality

Productie de teatru: Walt Disney Theatrical Productions (include versiuni de scena ale The Lion King, Beauty and the Beast, King
David)

Parcuri tematice si & Resorturi: Disneyland (Anaheim), Disney-MGM Studios, Disneyland Paris, Disney Regional Entertainment, Disneyland Resort, Disney Vacation Club, Epcot, Magic Kingdom, Tokyo Disneyland (partial), Walt Disney World (Orlando – Florida, include Epcot, Magic
Kingdom, Sports Complex, etc.), Disney’s Animal Kingdom, Disney Cruise Line, The Disney Institute

Facilitati sportive: Anaheim Sports, Inc., Mighty Ducks of Anaheim (NHL)

Vanzari in detaliu: The Disney Store

Financiar: Sid R. Bass, productie titei si gaze naturale (partial)
sursa:http://urbanviorel.ro/2008/05/11/monopolul-american-media/

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